What Am I Smoking? – Guide to Cannabis Terpenoids. Terpenoids are a large class of organic compounds including terpenes (commonly known in cannabis circles as “terps”), diterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. They have unsaturated molecules composed of linked isoprene units, generally having the formula (C5H8). The following chart shows the known majority of terpenoids within most cannabis strains.

Compound NameType of CompoundMedical PropertiesDescriptionBoiling Point (F)Boiling Point (C)Melting Point (F)Melting Point (C)Concentration (% of dry weight)Relative Content (%)Chemical FormulaIUPAC Name
AgarospirolTerpenoid-Agarospirol is a sesquiterpene alcohol isolated from the essential oil of infected agarwood (Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.). The corresponding carbon skeleton (VI) has been named agarospirane. Agarospirol is the second spiro-terpenoid to be isolated from Nature.594 ± 52312 ± 11133 - 13656 - 58-C15H26O2-[(3R,5R,6R)-6,10-dimethylspiro[4.5]dec-9-en-3-yl]propan-2-ol
α-CadineneTerpenoidAnti-infectiveCadinene is the trivial chemical name of a number of isomeric hydrocarbons that occur in a wide variety of essential oil-producing plants. The name is derived from that of the Cade juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus L.), the wood of which yields an oil from which cadinene isomers were first isolated.522 ± 86272 ± 30---C15H24(1S,4aR,8aR)-4,7-dimethyl-1-propan-2-yl-1,2,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
α-cis-BergamoteneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatoryThe plant Kingdom which includes conifers, flowering plants and gymnosperms go through certain metabolic reactions. The resultant eukaryotic metabolite produced is bergamotene. Among these bergamotene compounds is α-cis-Bergamotene. 500 ± 45260 ± 7---C15H24(1R,5R)-4,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methylpent-3-enyl)bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
α-EudesmolTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Anti-epileptic
Anti-angiogenic
Antimigraine
A sesquiterpene alcohol typically from the essential oil of cajeput and wooden Siam , Atractylodes lancea (Chinese herb)574 ± 52301 ± 11---C15H26O2-[(2R,4aR,8aR)-4a,8-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalen-2-yl]propan-2-ol
α-GuaieneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatoryα-Guaiene has medium strength, sweet, earthy, woody, balsamic, peppery aroma. It is used as a flavor and fragrance agent in bakery items, cereals, and cereal products, including flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, and edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet. 538 ± 50281 ± 10---C15H24(1S,4S,7R)-1,4-dimethyl-7-prop-1-en-2-yl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulene
α-HumuleneTerpenoidAntibacterial
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-tumor
Pharmacokinetic
α-Humulene contributes to the 'hoppy' aroma of cannabis. Humulene naturally occurs in clove, basil, hops, and cannabis sativa. It carries a subtle earthy, woody aroma with spicy herbal notes you might recognize in some of your favorite strains. Though cannabis is commonly associated with appetite simulation, humulene is actually known to suppress hunger.223 - 225106 - 107< 77< 25-C15H24(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethylcycloundeca-1,4,8-triene
α-LongipineneTerpenoid-α-Longipinene has a pine aromatic odor. The Norway spruce produces high levels of α-longipinene secondary to longifolene as it's main product.486 ± 45252 ± 7---C15H242,6,6,9-Tetramethyltricyclo[5.4.0.02,8]undec-9-ene
α-PineneTerpenoid Anti-inflammatory
Bronchodilator
Stimulant
Antibiotic
Antineoplastic
AChE inhibitor
α-Pinene accounts for cannabis’ familiar odor, often associated with pine trees and turpentine. α-Pinene is the most common naturally occurring terpenoid and acts as both an anti-inflammatory and a bronchodilator.313.2156-67-62.50.04%14.0±1.5%C10H164,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
α-SelineneTerpenoidAnalgesic
Antioxidant
Antifungal
α-Selinene has the distinct odor of amber. It is one of the principal components of the oil from celery seeds. It has shown analgesic, antioxidant, and antifungal activity with antimicrobial potential518270---C15H24(3R,4aR,8aR)-5,8a-dimethyl-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
α-TerpineolTerpenoidSedative
Antibiotic
AChE inhibitor
Antioxidant
Antimalarial
Terpineol is known for its pleasant smell and is often used in soaps and perfumes. It is known to have relaxing effects.417 - 435214-22432 - 360 - 20.02%C10H18O2-(4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl)propan-2-ol
α-ThujeneTerpenoidAntioxidant
Anti-malarial (Antiviral)
Antibacterial
Antimicrobial
Herbicidal
Thujene (or α-thujene) is a natural organic compound classified as a monoterpene. It is found in the essential oils of a variety of plants, and contributes pungency to the flavor of some herbs such as Summer savory. The term thujene usually refers to α-thujene.302 - 306150 - 152---C10H164-methyl-1-propan-2-ylbicyclo[3.1.0]hex-3-ene
α-trans-BergamoteneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatoryThe plant Kingdom which includes conifers, flowering plants and gymnosperms go through certain metabolic reactions. The resultant eukaryotic metabolite produced is bergamotene. Among these bergamotene compounds is α-trans-Bergamotene. 500 ± 45260 ± 7---C15H24(1S,5S,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methylpent-3-enyl)bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
α-YlangeneTerpenoidAntibacterial
Antioxidant
α-Ylangene has a spicy, fruity aroma. It is a natural substance often found in wine and is emitted by some plants.478248---C15H24(1S,2R,6R,7R,8S)-8-Isopropyl-1,3-dimethyltricyclo[4.4.0.02,7]dec-3-ene
AmyrinTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antinociceptive
Immunostimulant
Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic
The amyrins are three closely related natural chemical compounds of the triterpene class. They are designated α-amyrin, β-amyrin and δ-amyrin. Each is a pentacyclic triterpenol with the chemical formula C??H??O.916 ± 111491 ± 44387197-C30H50O(3S,4aR,6aR,6bS,8aR,12aR,14aR,14bR)-4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,14b-octamethyl-1,2,3,4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,12a,14,14a-tetradecahydropicen-3-ol
β-CaryophylleneTerpenoid Anti-inflammatory
Cytoprotective (gastric mucosa)
Antimalaria
β-Caryophyllene is the only terpene known to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (CB2). Caryophyllene (or β-Caryophyllene) is a spicy, peppery terpene found in many different edible plants. Spices like black pepper, cloves, and cinnamon, as well as herbs like oregano, basil, hops, and rosemary, are known to exhibit high concentrations of caryophyllene. Due to its affinity to the peripheral CB2 receptors, caryophyllene often appears in anti-inflammatory topicals and salves.264 - 266128 - 130--0.05%C15H24(1R,4E,9S)-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylidenebicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene
β-ElemeneTerpenoidAnticancerElemenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds found in a variety of plants. The elemenes, which include α-, β-, γ-, and δ-elemene, are structural isomers of each other and are classified as sesquiterpenes. The elemenes contribute to the floral aromas of some plants, and are used as pheromones by some insects. β-Elemene has attracted scientific interest because of its prevalence in a variety of medicinal plants. Experiments performed in vitro show that β-elemene has anti-proliferative effects toward some cancer cell types, indicating the possibility of its use in chemotherapy. 486 ± 95252 ± 35---C15H24(1S,2S,4R)-1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2,4-bis(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohexane
β-EudesmolTerpenoidControls appetite and digestion
Antifungal
β-Eudesmol is an oxygenated sesquiterpene contained in medicinal or edible plants which activates Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1). β-Eudesmol has been found in medicinal plants and physiological effects on mammals have been reported.574 ± 52301 ± 11---C15H26O2-[(2R,4aR,8aS)-4a-methyl-8-methylidene-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8a-octahydronaphthalen-2-yl]propan-2-ol
β-MyrceneTerpenoidAnalgesic
Anti-inflammatory
Antibiotic
Antimutagenic
Myrcene is the most prevalent terpene and is found in most varieties of cannabis. Myrcene concentration dictates whether a strain will have an Indica or Sativa effect. Strains containing over 0.5% of myrcene produce a more sedative high, while strains containing less than 0.5% myrcene have an energizing effect. Myrcene is also present in thyme, hops, lemongrass, and citrus, and is used in aromatherapy.332.6167< 14< -100.47%46.1±2.6%C10H167-methyl-3-methylideneocta-1,6-diene
β-PineneTerpenoidAnti-depressant
Antibacterial
Cytotoxic
Antimicrobial
β-pinene found in plants is an organic monoterpene compound, and is one of the most abundant compounds released by forest trees. If oxidized in air, the allylic products of the pinocarveol and myrtenol family prevail. 325 - 331163 - 166-78-61-C10H166,6-dimethyl-4-methylidenebicyclo[3.1.1]heptane
β-SelineneTerpenoidAnticancer
Antibiotic
Antiseptic
Constituent of celery oil. Also from Cyperus rotundus (nutgrass) and Humulus lupulus (hops). β-Selinene is found in many foods, some of which are safflower, star anise, chinese cinnamon, and allspice.505 ± 50263 ± 10---C15H24(3R,4aS,8aR)-8a-methyl-5-methylidene-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-1,2,3,4,4a,6,7,8-octahydronaphthalene
BisabololTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Anti-irritant
Antioxidant
Anti-microbial
Analgesic
Bisabolol is the primary constituent of German chamomile essential oil and has recently been shown to induce apoptosis in models of leukemia. While it has long been widely used in the cosmetics industry, bisabolol has more recently become the subject of research for the medical benefits it displays in cannabis.523 - 597273 - 31485 - 17129.5 - 77.4-C15H266-Methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-hepten-2-ol
BorneolTerpenoidAntibiotic
Anti-inflammatory
This terpene smells earthy, like camphor or even menthol. It’s a strong analgesic pain killer that relaxes and reduces stress, alleviates insomnia, and helps with breathing by relieving pressure in the lungs and increasing air flow. For centuries, borneol has been used in traditional Chinese medicine, most commonly as an ingredient in topical preparations.4132123952020.01% C10H18O(1S,3R,4S)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-3-ol
BulnesolTerpenoid-Bulnesol, also known as guai-1(10)-en-11-ol, is a member of the class of compounds known as sesquiterpenoids. Sesquiterpenoids are terpenes with three consecutive isoprene units. Bulnesol is practically insoluble (in water) and an extremely weak acidic compound (based on its pKa). Bulnesol is a spice tasting compound found in herbs and spices, which makes bulnesol a potential biomarker for the consumption of this food product. Bulnesol is found in herbs and spices. Bulnesol is a constituent of guaiac wood oil (Bulnesia sarmienti). Also from Ferula species..597 ± 52314 ± 11156 - 15869 - 70-C15H26O2-(3,8-dimethyl-1,2,3,3a,4,5,6,7-octahydroazulen-5-yl)propan-2-ol
CampheneTerpenoidAntioxidant
Antibacterial
Antifungal
Decreases cardiovascular disease
Camphene is found in essential oils extracted from certain trees. It has recently shown promise for pain relief and antioxidant effects.318 - 320159 - 160118 - 12648 - 52-C10H162,2-Dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
CamphorTerpenoidAnti-infective
Antipruritic
Antiseptic
Principally derived from the camphor tree, camphor is readily absorbed through the skin. When applied topically, it produces a cooling sensation similar to that of menthol. Camphor also acts as a slight local anesthetic and an antimicrobial substance.399204345 - 354174 - 179-C10H16O4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-3-one
Caryophyllene oxideTerpenoidInsecticidal
Antifungal
Caryophyllene oxide has a lemon balm odor. It has shown some effectiveness as an insecticidal/antifeedant and as broad spectrum antifungal in plant defense. Caryophyllene oxide has the distinction of being the component responsible for cannabis identification by drug-sniffing dogs536 ± 66280 ± 19138 - 14259 - 61-C15H24O(1R,4R,6R,10S)-4,12,12-Trimethyl-9-methylene-5-oxatricyclo[8.2.0.04,6]dodecane
CedreneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antifungal
Antiseptic
Being a sesquiterpene, Cedrene is a highly fragranced constituent that is extracted from the essential oils of Cedar. Cedrene possess antimicrobial, antifungal and anticancer properties.
491 - 516255 - 269---C15H24Cedr-8-ene
cis-β-FarneseneTerpenoidPheromone
Insect Repellant
β-Farnesene is a constituent of various essential oils. It is also released by aphids as an alarm pheremone upon death to warn away other aphids. Several plants, including potato species, have been shown to synthesize this pheromone as a natural insect repellent.523 ± 68273 ± 20< 77< 25-C15H24(6Z)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
cis-γ-BisaboleneTerpenoid-Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano. Various derivates also function as pheromones in different insects, such as stink bugs and fruit flies.536 ± 68280 ± 20---C15H24(4Z)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhept-5-en-2-ylidene)cyclohexene
cis-Sabinene-hydrateTerpenoid-cis-Sabinene-hydrate has a medium strength balsamic odor311 ± 45155 ± 7---C10H18(1S,4R)-4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexane
CycloartenolTerpenoidAids in digestionCycloartenol is found in alcoholic beverages. Cycloartenol is a constituent of Artocarpus integrifolia fruits and Solanum tuberosum (potato) Cycloartenol is a sterol precursor in photosynthetic organisms and plants. The biosynthesis of cycloartenol starts from the triterpenoid squalene. Its structure is also related to triterpenoid lanosterol941 ± 66505 ± 19---C30H50O(3?,9?)-9,19-Cyclolanost-24-en-3-ol
DammaradienolTerpenoidAnti-inflammatoryDammaradienol, also known as dammara-20,24-dien-3 β-ol, is a member of the class of compounds known as triterpenoids. Dammaradienol can be found in herbs and spices, shea tree, soy bean, and tea, which makes dammaradienol a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Dammaradienol is found in herbs and spices. Dammaradienol is a constituent of Inula helenium (elecampane).921 ± 57495 ± 14---C30H50O(3S,5R,8R,9R,10R,13R,14R,17S)-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-17-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)-2,3,5,6,7,9,11,12,13,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-ol
∆-3-careneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Bone Growth and Repair
Carene has a sweet, pungent odor and is a main constituent of pine and cedar resin. It is used to dry out excess body fluids, such as tears, mucus, and sweat.334 - 336168-169< 77< 250.00%C10H163,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
∆-LimoneneTerpenoidCannabinoid agonist
Immune potentiator
Antidepressant
Antimutagenic
Limonene is a dominant terpene in strains with a pronounced Sativa effect. It is also found in the rinds of citrus fruits. Limonene aids in the absorption of other terpenes through the skin and mucous membranes, and has been used to treat anxiety and depression.347 - 351175-177-142-970.14%C10H161-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
epi-α-BisabololTerpenoidAnti-aging
Anti-irritant
Anti-inflammatory
Antimicrobial
Analgesic
Antibiotic
Anticancer
α-Bisabolol has a weak, tangy, fresh and clean, citrus, floral, sweet aroma with peppery note, and is used in various fragrances. It is the primary component (up to 50%) of the essential oil from German chamomile. 599 ± 52315 ± 11---C15H26O(2S)-6-methyl-2-[(1R)-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl]hept-5-en-2-ol
EpifriedelanolTerpenoidAnti-cancer (tumor killing)
Anti-inflammatory
Antiaging
Epifriedelanol had inhibitory effects on adriamycin-induced cellular senescence in human fibroblasts (HDFs). Epifriedelanol suppressed adriamycin-induced cellular senescence as well as replicative senescence in human fibroblasts (HDFs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). These results suggest that epifriedelanol reduces cellular senescence in human primary cells and might be used to develop dietary supplements or cosmetics that modulate tissue aging or aging-associated diseases. Epifriedelanol demonstrated antitumor activity in a potato disc bioassay.893 ± 55478 ± 13---C30H52O(3S,4R,4aS,6aS,6aS,6bR,8aR,12aR,14aS,14bS)-4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,14a-octamethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12a,13,14,14b-hexadecahydropicen-3-ol
Eucalyptol (1,8-cineole)TerpenoidAChE inhibitor
Increases cerebral blood flow
Stimulant
Antibiotic
Antiviral
Anti-inflammatory
Antinociceptive
Derived from eucalyptus oil, eucalyptol has a minty, earthy aroma. It has been shown to possess potent antifungal effects.349 - 351176 - 177351.5> 0.001%C10H18O2,2,4-trimethyl-3-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
FencholTerpenoidAntibacterial
Anti-inflammatory
Fenchol is found in basil and is used extensively in perfumery. It is known to exhibit antibacterial properties.394 - 396201 - 20295 - 10435 - 40-C10H18O2,2,4-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-3-ol
FenchoneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antitumor
Fenchone has a camphorous, thuja, cedar leaf, herbal, earthy, woody aroma. As an additive, its flavor has been describes as cooling, camphoreous, sweet and minty with a musty, earthy nuance378 - 381192 - 19441 - 435 - 6-C10H16O2,2,4-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-3-one
FriedelinTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antipyretic
Analgesic
Anti-ulcerative
Antifungal
Antimicrobial
Gastroprotective
Liver protective
Friedelin is a triterpene natural product isolated from the Quercus suber L. cork tree bark. Friedelin is the most abundant triterpene in extracts isolated from this tree. Friedelin has been described along with similar triterpenes in studying inhibitors of photosynthesis for use as herbicides, and has been described to have antifungal and antimicrobial properties.891 ± 55477 ± 13504 - 509262 - 265-C30H50O(4R,4aS,6aS,6aS,6bR,8aR,12aR,14aS,14bS)-4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,14a-octamethyl-2,4,5,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12a,13,14,14b-tetradecahydro-1H-picen-3-one
γ-CurcumeneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Tissue repair
Anti-aging
Curcumenes have recently been very prominent in the field of natural nutrition, as the extract of the spice Turmeric, called 'curcumin' has become popular as an anti-inflammatory supplement. The supplement is considered helpful not only for joint inflammation and pain, but as an all-around anti-aging supplement as well. γ-curcumene is known for its tissue healing effect, known to reduce inflammation, and is especially good for healing for scars (new and old). 531 ± 50277 ± 10---C15H241-methyl-4-[(2R)-6-methylhept-5-en-2-yl]cyclohexa-1,3-diene
γ-EudesmolTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Anti-cancer
γ-Eudesmol has a waxy, sweet, woody, floral odor. γ-Eudesmol presents cytotoxic effect to cancer cells. All Eudesmol isomers displayed cytotoxicity to different tumor cell lines574 ± 52301 ± 11---C15H26O2-[(2R,4aR)-4a,8-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,6,7-hexahydro-1H-naphthalen-2-yl]propan-2-ol
γ-MuuroleneTerpenoid-γ-Muurolene has a medium strength, oily, woody type, herbal spice aroma. It is used in the chemical communication system of the Lucerne seed wasp and the European grapevine moth.522 ± 68272 ± 20---C15H24(1S,4aS,8aR)-7-methyl-4-methylidene-1-propan-2-yl-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
GeraniolTerpenoidAntioxidant
Anti-tumor
Neuroprotectant
Antibacterial
Antifungal
Antiviral
Anti-spasmodic
As its name suggests, geraniol (also known as lemonol) is most famous for its presence in geraniums, where it helps shape the blossoms’ distinctive, delicate scent. It is also found in a wide range of plants including tobacco and lemons, and interestingly, is produced by honey bees as a means of marking their hives and flowers. Geraniol is a monoterpene alcohol that boils at about 447?F and frequently occurs in strains that also produce linalool.

Its floral, occasionally fruity aromas and flavors remind many of citronella candles or rose gardens, and occasionally of passionfruit or stonefruits such as peaches and plums. It is used frequently as a fruity flavoring agent, and shows up in an array of bath and body products. Geraniol, like valencene, is known to repel mosquitos.
4462305-15-C10H18O(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-ol
Geranyl AcetateTerpenoidAntimicrobialGeranyl Acetate is found in a variety of natural oils, derived from citronella, lemongrass, sassafras, roses, and many others. It has a strong floral aroma with a fruity twist, and exhibits strong antimicrobial effects.278 - 282137-139---C12H20O2[(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienyl] acetate
GuaiolTerpenoidAntimicrobial
Anti-inflammatory
Guaiol is not an oil but a sesquiterpenoid alcohol, and is also found in cypress pine and guaiacum. It has been used for centuries as a treatment for diverse ailments ranging from coughs to constipation to arthritis. It is also an effective insect repellent and insecticide.550288104 - 12240 - 50-C15H262-[(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulen-5-yl]propan-2-ol
IpsdienolTerpenoid-Ipsdienol has a balsamic, piney aroma. It is a major component of the floral fragrance of several orchids. Ipsdienol is also one of the major aggregation pheromones of the bark beetle is which it is believed to be a mating attractant.453 ± 48234 ± 9---C10H16O2-methyl-6-methylideneocta-2,7-dien-4-ol
IsoborneolTerpenoidAntioxidant
Anti-inflammatory
Antimicrobial
Isoborneol is found in mugwort that exhibits antiviral properties. It is a potent inhibitor of herpes simplex virus type 1.413212413 - 417212 - 214-C10H18O(3R,4R)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-3-ol
IsopulegolTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Emollient
Reduces seizures
Gastro-protective
Isopulegol is a chemical precursor to menthol, and has a variety of promising routes for therapeutic research. Studies have shown that isopulegol possess gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects, and reduces the severity of seizures in animal models.352 - 420178 - 21617278-C10H18(1R,2S,5R)-2-Isopropenyl-5-methylcyclohexanol
LinaloolTerpenoidSedative
Antidepressant
Anxiolytic
Immune potentiator
Linalool has a floral scent reminiscent of spring flowers, but with spicy overtones. It possesses sedative properties and is an effective anxiety and stress reliever. It has also been used an analgesic and anti-epileptic.388 - 392198 - 200< 77< 250.00% C10H18O3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol
MentholTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antipruritic
Expectorant
Anesthetic
Counter-irritant
Menthol exhibits analgesic properties and is used topically to treat inflammatory pain.413 - 421212-216107 - 11342 - 45-C10H20O5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylcyclohexan-1-ol
OcimeneTerpenoidAntifungal
Anti-inflammatory
Antiviral
Ocimene is a monoterpene with a fruity, floral, some say wet cloth smell. Ocimene has exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in white blood cell through a variety of pathways. Antifungal effects are also seen with the human specific Candida species. And very interestingly ocimene showed specificity and effectiveness against SARS virus.149 - 15165 - 6612250-6.6±0.7%C10H163,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-octatriene
p-CymeneTerpenoidAntibiotic
Anticandidal
AChE inhibitor
Commonly found in the essential oils of cumin and thyme, cymene has documented anti-inflammatory effects. Research also shows potential protective effects against acute lung injury.350177-90-680.00% C10H141-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
PhellandreneTerpenoidAntibacterial
Antifungal
Phellandrene can be found in a number of herbs and spices, including cinnamon, garlic, dill, ginger and parsley. A number of plants produce β-phellandrene as a constituent of their essential oils, including lavender and grand fir. The recognizable odors of some essential oils depend almost entirely upon the presence of phellandrene. Oil of pepper and dill oil are composed almost entirely of phellandrene. The principal constituent in oil of ginger is phellandrene. Phellandrene, particularly α-phellandrene, is absorbed through the skin, making it attractive for use in perfumes. It is also used as a flavoring for food products.347175---C10H162-methyl-5-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
PhytolTerpenoidPain reliever
Anti-oxidant
Anti-anxiety
Found in green tea, phytol is a diterpene that results from the degradation of chlorophyll. Phytol inhibits the enzyme that degrades the neurotransmitter GABA, which may partially account for its relaxing effect.635335< 77< 25-C20H40(2E,7R,11R)-3,7,11,15-Tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol
PulegoneTerpenoidMemory booster
AChE inhibitor
Sedative
Antipyretic
Pulegone has a pleasant peppermint aroma and is a strong insecticide.435224< 77< 250.00%C10H16O5-methyl-2-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexan-1-one
SabineneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Antibacterial
Sabinene which can also be spelled as Sabinen or Sabenene is a chemical compound available in a large variety of plants including black pepper, nutmeg, Norway spruce and Holm oak, among others. It can also be naturally harvested from tea tree oil, although in small concentrations. It is a very critical component in the formulation of carrot seed oil. It naturally has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. This makes it beneficial in many health related ways.327164---C10H161-Isopropyl-4-methylenebicyclo[3.1.0]hexane
Terpinen-4-olTerpenoidAChE inhibitor
Antibiotic
Terpinen-4-ol is a monoterpene originally found in many plants and is one of the primary active ingredients in tea tree oil. Terpinen-4-ol exhibits anticancer chemotherapeutic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal activities. In leukemia cells, terpinen-4-ol induces release of cytochrome c and activation of caspase 8, resulting in autophagy, apoptosis, and cell death. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, terpinen-4-ol induces cleavage of poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP), activates caspases 3 and 9, decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, increases the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and increases levels of p53, resulting in apoptosis and cell death. Additionally, this compound decreases myeloperoxidase activity and expression of MIP-2 and other cytokines in animal models of oral candidiasis. Terpinen-4-ol displays antimicrobial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria such as Campylobacter as well as fungi such as Aspergillus and Fusarium.408209--0.00%C10H18O4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
TerpineneTerpenoidCytotoxic and Antimicrobial
Anti-inflammatory
Terpinene is used as a fragrant additive in both the cosmetic and food industries. It is also considered to be a well-tolerated additive in the pharmaceutical industry. It has very strong antioxidant properties.36018214-10-C10H161-Isopropyl-4-methyl-1,4-cyclohexadiene
TerpinoleneTerpenoidAnticancer
Antioxidant
Sedative
Antibacterial
Antifungal
Terpinolene has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and anticancer effects in rat brain cells. Studies with mice show that terpinolene has a sedative effect when inhaled. In addition, terpinolene is responsible for many of the floral notes found in Jack Herer varieties.361 - 365183 - 185< 77< 25-C10H161-methyl-4-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexene
trans-α-FarneseneTerpenoid-(3E, 6E)-α-Farnesene is a constituent of the natural coating of apples and other fruits, and it is responsible for the characteristic green apple odor. α-Farnesene is also the chief compound contributing to the scent of gardenia, making up ~65% of the headspace constituents.536 ± 68280 ± 20< 77< 25-C15H24(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
trans-γ-BisaboleneTerpenoid-Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano. Various derivates also function as pheromones in different insects, such as stink bugs and fruit flies.538 ± 68281 ± 20---C15H24(4E)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhept-5-en-2-ylidene)cyclohexene
Trans-nerolidolTerpenoidInhibits growth of leishmaniasis
Antiparasitic
Antifungal
Antimicrobial
Trans-nerolidol is a secondary terpene found in many strong aromatics like jasmine, tea tree, and lemongrass. As such, it delivers a subdued and nuanced floral aroma with notes of fruity citrus, apples, and rose. This terpene is believed to produce sedating effects505 - 511263 - 266-103-75-C15H26(6E)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-1,6,10-dodecatrien-3-ol
ValenceneTerpenoidAnti-inflammatory
Insectifugal
Valencene is present in Valencia oranges and contributes to cannabis’ citrus aroma.435 - 520224 - 271Feb-85-16.4 - 29.5-C15H24(3R,4aS,5R)-4a,5-dimethyl-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-2,3,4,5,6,7-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
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